The McLaren Group is a UK company specialized in combining advanced technology, including those related to the automobile. Created by Ron Dennis, it is based in Britain to Woking.
Directed by Ron Dennis, the McLaren Group is 30% in Bahrain Mumtalakat Holding Company, 15% TAG (Mansour Ojjeh) and 15% to Ron Dennis. In March 2010, Martin Whitmarsh says that Mercedes does not hold more than 11% share of Group1 McLaren, the remaining 29% were acquired by the McLaren Group itself .. All units of Mercedes should have been redeemed by the McLaren Group in 2011.
The McLaren Group includes:
The McLaren Racing (officially engaged in the world championship of Formula 1 as the Vodafone McLaren Mercedes);
McLaren Racing (officially engaged in the world championship of Formula 1 as the Vodafone McLaren Mercedes) is a British Formula 1 team that started in Grand Prix in 1966. Related to engine and German automaker Mercedes-Benz since 1995, McLaren is behind the Ferrari of the most successful team in the history of Formula 1.
McLaren Racing is a branch of the McLaren Group, held in 2010 to 29% by McLaren Group, 30% by the Bahrain Mumtalakat Holding Company, Ron Dennis 15% and 15% TAG (Mansour Ojjeh). In March 2010, Martin Whitmarsh says that Mercedes does not hold more than 11% share of McLaren Group1. All units of Mercedes should have been redeemed by the McLaren Group in 2011.
The two McLaren drivers in the world championship of Formula 1 2011 is Lewis Hamilton and Jenson Button.
1963-1966: Birth of the stable
Official driver of the Cooper team in 1958 in Formula 2 and Formula 1 1959, New Zealander Bruce McLaren became that year at Sebring the youngest Grand Prix winner at the age of 22. When his teammate and mentor Jack Brabham Cooper left the team at the end of 1960 to build its own structure, Bruce McLaren became the leader of the team, but can not prevent its slow decline. Inspired by the example of Jack Brabham, he decided also to create his own racing stable.
The Bruce McLaren Motor Racing Ltd. was born in the winter of 1963-1964. Bruce McLaren commits under its own banner in the Cooper Formula Tasman Championship, a series renowned winter, and played in Oceania in the international Formula 1 season. To support him in his business, he is quickly joined by Teddy Mayer an American lawyer passionate about motor sport and was originally the office manager for his younger brother Tim Mayer, hired by Bruce McLaren as a second driver. Despite the death of Tim Mayer in February 1964, Bruce McLaren and Teddy Mayer decided to continue the adventure. In 1964, along with its commitment to Formula 1, Bruce McLaren expanding the activities of his team for endurance events, including the U.S. trials, so richly endowed. For this, it is again as a base chassis Cooper.
It was not until 1966 that the McLaren team is not prepared, but a full-fledged manufacturer. In early 1966, McLaren created his first prototype of type Can-Am and its first Formula 1, the M2B.
1966-1983: early successes, first titles
If the team Can-Am soon to dominate its rivals outrageously, this is not the same for the F1 team, mainly for lack of a good engine. In his first season, McLaren unsuccessfully juggles with a Ford V8 4200 cc from U.S. tests and lowered the engine to 3000 cc regulatory (this engine has nothing to do with the famous Ford Cosworth V8 which will the day the following year) and with a Serenissima V8 (from the fiasco ATS) of Count Volpi. In 1967, Bruce McLaren spent a supply agreement with BRM engine, but delays in design V12 BRM force McLaren to turn over most of the year to the BRM V8 of 2000 cc to insufficient power, which strike again this season.
It is from 1968 that the results finally take off. The McLaren team is reinforced by the reigning world champion Denny Hulme (McLaren teammate already in Can-Am), and above all, benefits such as Lotus and Matra-Cosworth Ford V8, a guarantee of performance and reliability. The Bruce McLaren driver offers in Belgium Bruce McLaren team manager his first victory in Formula 1. A few weeks later, Denny Hulme who won two victories and managed to invite themselves to the struggle for the world title.
Disrupted in 1969 by the simultaneous development of two programs in F1 (and other teams, McLaren is a mistake to see a believer in a solution of the future four-wheel drive car), the stable Anglo-New Zealand missed the season . Denny Hulme still manages to win a victory at the end of the year in Mexico.
Well underway, the 1970 season when awry early May, Denny Hulme suffers trials of Indianapolis 500 (new goal of McLaren) a serious accident which causes severe burns to the hands. Worse, June 2, 1970, during a test session on the Goodwood circuit in England, Bruce McLaren loses control of his prototype CanAm, unbalanced by the loss of her bonnet. The M8D comes crashing into a concrete post of Commissioners, instantly killing its driver.
In 1974, McLaren achieved his first great success as a builder and a pilot (with Emerson Fittipaldi), beating Ferrari. In 1976, James Hunt also won the championship with McLaren driver despite victory Ferrari to builders. It should be noted however that the title of Hunt was acquired after the voluntary withdrawal of Niki Lauda during the Japanese Grand Prix, the final race of the season. Indeed the rain Lauda had convinced his life was better than a pilot (which can easily understand that following the serious accident he suffered at the Nurburgring that year).
The end of 1980 marks an important turning point for McLaren Ron Dennis became the new boss of the team, and recruits the engineer John Barnard who designs the first F1 composite materials, which offers a lighter weight and better stiffness. McLaren claimed his first victory at Silverstone for 4 years at the hands of John Watson.
For the 1982 season, Ron Dennis convinces Niki Lauda, who retired in 1979 (and with a substantial amount), to resume the competition. The latter will return more than brilliant, winning a Grand Prize that year. After a year 1983 more subdued, Ron Dennis managed to hire Alain Prost, just fired by Renault after their catastrophic end of the season.
1984-1993: Prost-Senna era
Blessed with this dream team, and the brand new TAG engine Porsche, McLaren will then perform an unprecedented season, winning 12 major awards (7 to 5 for Lauda and Prost) on the 16 championship in 1984. It will, however, Lauda umbrella for the world title by half a point (score tightest so far), thanks to its greater regularity (Prost still had the annoying habit of breaking or win).
The year 1985 is the year of triumph for Prost and confirmation to McLaren. After a lackluster season (still marked by a magnificent victory late in the season after a nice fight against Prost), Niki Lauda finally gets a line on the competition.
1986 sees the second as Prost despite the domination of Williams, equipped with a turbocharged Honda mature. Prost profit that year of the rivalry of two opposing drivers, Mansell and Piquet for the beat to the punch at the last race, thanks to his mastery and control tactics very end. (Prost was considered the best driver knowing save a car).
The year 1987 is unsurprisingly dominated by Williams, but the atmosphere reigning in internal struggle to constantly convince people to respond to Honda's appeal Ron Dennis in 1988. It was at this time that Ayrton Senna joined McLaren, Alain Prost forming with the dream team that every manager wants to have a formula.
The result was immediate. McLaren literally crush the competition, clinching 15 of the 16 races that had the championship. The car, the MP4-4 is the best machine, helped by the block and Ayrton Senna Honda sees his talent rewarded with the drivers' title.
1989 promises to be under the same auspices, but this is the year that the relationship between Alain Prost and Ayrton Senna are deteriorating due to a non-aggression pact not respected by the Brazilian Grand Prix Imola for the St. Marino. Prost's fury, the intervention of the press inflame things and lead to an explosive situation finding its climax at Suzuka in Japan with the famous clash between the two McLaren drivers. Becomes world champion Prost left McLaren and while Senna was disqualified from the race for "foreign aid".
Amidst all this, Ron Dennis can still be happy because he hung a new driver and manufacturer doubled the prize list of the stable.
In 1990, Prost at Ferrari hand, it is replaced by Gerhard Berger. Senna and Prost fighting for the title all season, but the Brazilian is sacred after a new hanging at Suzuka. The season 1991 is perfect for Senna: 4 races, 4 wins. Result will be more difficult with the emergence of Williams-Renault that dominate the rest of the season. However, several mistakes prevent them from catching Senna wins his third world title. In 1992, Williams are even stronger, and Senna and McLaren can not fight. Senna finished well behind the young German Michael Schumacher. This crushing defeat pushed Honda to leave F1, Senna and reluctant to continue the adventure. Yet it is far from the 1993 season with a Cosworth engine and a new teammate Michael Andretti. The Brazilian stand magnificently to the association, however, higher-Williams Prost, winning five victories. Andretti very disappointed, and was replaced late in the season by the young Finn Mika Hakkinen.
1994-2001: the era Hakkinen
In 1994, McLaren loses Senna, Williams left, and binds to the engine and car manufacturer Peugeot. The season will be disappointing winless, dull, and separates from McLaren to partner with Mercedes Peugeot. However, the 1995 season will be extremely difficult time pointing the team in sixth place in the championship, with the total failure of the association with Nigel Mansell, with Hakkinen's accident late in the season. In 1996, Ron Dennis recruits the Scottish youngster David Coulthard. Despite the difficult start again, there is significant progress late in the season with several podium finishes. These developments are confirmed in 1997 with three victories in Melbourne, Monza and Jerez. In addition, McLaren has hired the famous engineer Adrian Newey. And in 1998, McLaren and Hakkinen are world champions, despite the resistance of Michael Schumacher and Ferrari who endure the suspense until Suzuka, despite a more powerful MP4-13. In 1999, several errors and reliability problems cost many points to McLaren, but Hakkinen, however, retains his title against Eddie Irvine.
In 2000, Schumacher and Hakkinen fighting for the title again, but the German took advantage of the improved reliability of his car to be sacred. In 2001, Ferrari are even stronger, the Williams are back on top with BMW and Michelin and Hakkinen suffered a terrible misfortune. Despite two victories, the Finn decided to retire, and was replaced by his younger compatriot Kimi Raikkonen.
2002-2006: the era Raikkonen
In 2002, Ferrari overwrites the championship, and McLaren had to settle for a victory Coulthard in Monaco and a third place in the world championship. In 2003, McLaren uses a 2002 evolution of the car, the MP4-18 never come to be ready. However, Raikkonen fight to the end for the world title against Schumacher, with many places of honor, and a victory in Malaysia. Late in the season, Juan Pablo Montoya McLaren recruits for 2005. In 2004 McLaren MP4-19 uses, derived directly from the MP4-18. But it is neither efficient, nor reliable, and it will be a version B to mid-season to see progress and a victory of Raikkonen at Spa. McLaren finished in 5th place, however, his worst ranking for 21 years. In 2005, the McLaren MP4-20 car is the most powerful but also less reliable, and it prevents Raikkonen fight for the title despite many victories. It is, however, runner-up, as McLaren. In late 2005, the new recruits McLaren world champion Fernando Alonso for 2007. In 2006 the MP4-21 is more reliable than its predecessor, but also less efficient. There will be no victory for the first time in 10 years, and Montoya is back after a disappointing first half of the season and a collision with Raikkonen at the start in Indianapolis. De la Rosa takes over temporarily until the end of the season.
Since 2007: Hamilton era
The duel between the two men will cause more errors (penalty for Alonso in Budapest, leaving Alonso at Fuji, Hamilton in China, electronic problem for Hamilton in Brazil) which will benefit Raikkonen (Ferrari) to become world champion. In 2008, Heikki Kovalainen replaces Alonso and Hamilton became the leader of the team. Despite a less powerful car at the beginning of the season, Hamilton won the difficult races (Melbourne, Monaco, Silverstone) and is on a par with Felipe Massa to be crowned the last corner at Interlagos. In 2009, McLaren makes a disastrous start to the season with an underperforming MP4-24, it shall only enter and fourteen points in nine races and is provisionally sixth. It is gradually lead with two wins (in Budapest and Singapore) and several podiums for Hamilton late in the season, and a third place finish at the World Championships, to Ferrari.
On November 16, 2009, Mercedes-Benz announces the acquisition of 75.1% of the Brawn GP team which became the official manufacturer under the name Mercedes GP. The contract with McLaren engine is however extended to 2015 but the British team in two years to redeem the 40% stake still held by Mercedes and dispense with all or part of financial support from the German manufacturer.
To support Lewis Hamilton, Jenson Button, world champion title, signed a three-year contract and replaces Heikki Kovalainen. The world champion had an excellent start to the season with two wins in the rain in Australia and China, and Hamilton took over in Turkey, Canada and Belgium. Then it is fighting for the title, but various problems in the home straight relegate him in fourth place ahead of Button. The duo piles up again in 2011 and became the main competitor to Red Bull Racing after Hamilton wins in China and Germany and Button in Canada and Hungary.